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Early Fortune Cucumber

Early Fortune Cucumber

Botanical Name: Cucumis sativus

$3.95
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# of seeds per packet: 25

Description

60 days. This slicing cucumber originated in Royal Oak, MI right around the turn of the 20th century, back when our public universities worked on breeding open-pollinated, non-GMO and public domain seeds. It was selected by George Starr, a Michigan State University extension specialist, for its superior qualities. Green fruits are 7-8" long, 2" wide, and offer a nice flavor. Plants are vigorous and dependable. We are psyched to offer this variety. It goes great in Erica's "Summer Salad" with tomatoes and Genovese basil.

Growing

Growing Instructions (for USDA Zone 5b):

As with all cucurbits, cucumbers do not like their roots disturbed during transplanting so if starting seeds indoors, use biodegradable pots. Seeds can be started inside or outside. Start seeds indoors 5/1 into a good starting mix (we recommend Vermont Compost’s Fort Light). Ideal temperature for germination: 85-95° (use heating mat). Cucumber seedlings are sensitive to damping off fungus so keep soil lightly moist but not too wet and use a fan (set to low) to provide air circulation. Days to germination: 4-10. Once 2 leaves appear, grow plants at 72°. Transplant outdoors (plant biodegradable pot into soil) around 6/1 into fertile soil with lots of compost or decomposed manure. Or direct sow seeds outdoors 6/1 (1/2” deep). Space plants 1 foot apart. Protect seedlings from cucumber beetles by covering seeds/seedlings with row cover fabric at planting and leave it on until plants are flowering. Protect plants from deer and groundhogs. For an extra boost, foliar feed young cucumber plants (1 week after transplanting) with fish/seaweed. Early Fortune cucumbers perform best in cool (less than 85°) weather.

 

Harvest:

Harvest cucumbers when they begin to fill out but before they completely lose their ridges. They should still be dark green and firm but not hard. Cucs can always be harvest smaller when they are young and tender, especially for pickling.

 

Seed Saving Instructions (for gardeners):

Cucumbers are insect pollinated and cross-pollinated. They will easily cross with any cucumber varieties within ½ mile. You can always save seed and see what you will get! Select only the best plants to save seed from. Allow cucumber fruit to mature fully (they will be large, hard, and yellow). Scoop out seed, rinse, and dry on a screen. Minimum population size: 6-25 plants (but you can save seed from fewer plants if seeds are for your own use).

Seed Stories

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is thought to have originated in Africa before being transported to the Middle East and South Asia. For the last 3000 years, in India and China, humans developed many new cucumber varieties so the biodiversity of domesticated cucumbers is highest there. Cucumber seed was brought to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Native Americans quickly adopted the crop and it spread throughout N. America.

Early Fortune cucumber was selected around 1900 by George Starr, a Research Associate and Extension Specialist from Michigan State University. He found (and then named) ‘Early Fortune’ growing in a Royal Oak, MI field of ‘Davis Perfect’ cucumbers (now extinct).  It was then introduced to the public by Jerome B. Rice Seed Company of Cambridge, NY.  In the late 19th century up through the early 1970s, our land-grant colleges played a pivotal role in importing, trialing, selecting, breeding, and introducing open-pollinated & regionally adapted food crops to America. Now cucumber breeding work is solely focused on hybrids, simply because hybrids are more profitable for breeders and large seed companies.

Early Fortune Cucumber [[start tab]]

Description

60 days. This slicing cucumber originated in Royal Oak, MI right around the turn of the 20th century, back when our public universities worked on breeding open-pollinated, non-GMO and public domain seeds. It was selected by George Starr, a Michigan State University extension specialist, for its superior qualities. Green fruits are 7-8" long, 2" wide, and offer a nice flavor. Plants are vigorous and dependable. We are psyched to offer this variety. It goes great in Erica's "Summer Salad" with tomatoes and Genovese basil.

[[end tab]] [[start tab]]

Growing

Growing Instructions (for USDA Zone 5b):

As with all cucurbits, cucumbers do not like their roots disturbed during transplanting so if starting seeds indoors, use biodegradable pots. Seeds can be started inside or outside. Start seeds indoors 5/1 into a good starting mix (we recommend Vermont Compost’s Fort Light). Ideal temperature for germination: 85-95° (use heating mat). Cucumber seedlings are sensitive to damping off fungus so keep soil lightly moist but not too wet and use a fan (set to low) to provide air circulation. Days to germination: 4-10. Once 2 leaves appear, grow plants at 72°. Transplant outdoors (plant biodegradable pot into soil) around 6/1 into fertile soil with lots of compost or decomposed manure. Or direct sow seeds outdoors 6/1 (1/2” deep). Space plants 1 foot apart. Protect seedlings from cucumber beetles by covering seeds/seedlings with row cover fabric at planting and leave it on until plants are flowering. Protect plants from deer and groundhogs. For an extra boost, foliar feed young cucumber plants (1 week after transplanting) with fish/seaweed. Early Fortune cucumbers perform best in cool (less than 85°) weather.

 

Harvest:

Harvest cucumbers when they begin to fill out but before they completely lose their ridges. They should still be dark green and firm but not hard. Cucs can always be harvest smaller when they are young and tender, especially for pickling.

 

Seed Saving Instructions (for gardeners):

Cucumbers are insect pollinated and cross-pollinated. They will easily cross with any cucumber varieties within ½ mile. You can always save seed and see what you will get! Select only the best plants to save seed from. Allow cucumber fruit to mature fully (they will be large, hard, and yellow). Scoop out seed, rinse, and dry on a screen. Minimum population size: 6-25 plants (but you can save seed from fewer plants if seeds are for your own use).

[[end tab]] [[start tab]]

Seed Stories

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is thought to have originated in Africa before being transported to the Middle East and South Asia. For the last 3000 years, in India and China, humans developed many new cucumber varieties so the biodiversity of domesticated cucumbers is highest there. Cucumber seed was brought to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Native Americans quickly adopted the crop and it spread throughout N. America.

Early Fortune cucumber was selected around 1900 by George Starr, a Research Associate and Extension Specialist from Michigan State University. He found (and then named) ‘Early Fortune’ growing in a Royal Oak, MI field of ‘Davis Perfect’ cucumbers (now extinct).  It was then introduced to the public by Jerome B. Rice Seed Company of Cambridge, NY.  In the late 19th century up through the early 1970s, our land-grant colleges played a pivotal role in importing, trialing, selecting, breeding, and introducing open-pollinated & regionally adapted food crops to America. Now cucumber breeding work is solely focused on hybrids, simply because hybrids are more profitable for breeders and large seed companies.

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